Early History Phillips, co. Cork, Ireland, Family, Genealogy, Ontario, Canada, Enniskean, Enniskeen, Ballymoney, Kinneigh, Parish

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The Phillips name follows the’ paternal’ naming pattern.  Thus, Phillips is the son of Philip.  There are various spellings that I have encountered and they are:  Phillips, Philips, Phillipps and Philipps.

According to a letter by Jennie McCuaig, dated 20 Jan, 1972, our Phillips family was originally from Wales.  A castle in Wales refers to Sir Thomas Philipps of Cilsant holding the castle from the late 15th century.  Not even a hint, thus far, suggests that our Phillips were from that castle but they could have come from that area of Wales.

Jennie McCuaig's Letter, 1972     *     Picton Castle, Wales: http://www.castlewales.com/picton.html


The ‘McCuiag Letter’ states that the Phillipses immigrated to Ireland from Wales due to 'religious persecution during Cromwell's times' (1649-1651).   During my research I obtained a book called the "History of Bandon" by George Bennett.  From this book I found that our Phillips family may have arrived in Ireland about 1620 -  before the Cromwell era.  The 'History of Bandon' mentions that the families of Peyton, Fuller and Farre (related families) arrived in county Cork about 1588.  This was during the 'plantation years’ of county Cork and these families may have emigrated from Somerset, England.  Further, the book lists persons arriving in 1620 and shows the names of Phillipps, Whelpy and Good.  After the great Rebellion of 1641-42 there were depositions taken from those who had lost property etc from the troubles.  These depositions reveal a John Phillips of Bandon.  If this John Phillips, who may be of the 1620 list, was of our family then he would be many generations prior to our first known, Charles Phillips.  

The 'History of Bandon' tells the following:

In 1586, Queen Elizabeth allowed land grants to persons who were to effect a settlement of Ireland.  The grantees were, within 7 years, to settle families and to give leases at low rents.  Among the grantees were Sir Walter Raleigh and a Fane Beecher (This name is found also as “Becher” on the WWW) of Somerset.  Beecham brought numerous families from Somerset and there were some adventurers of their own accord who settled Beecher’s 12,000-acre grant in the Bandon Area (I believe this area to be on the north bank and to the west edge of the town center).  Among the names of these original settlers was “Peyton, Farre and Fuller”.  The book tells how the families left “….the land of apple-blossom and cherry….” for  “…forest, woods and swamp inaccessible to almost every living thing, save outlaws and the wolf;….”.  Thus the Peyton's may have come from Somerset, England and settled in the Bandon area about 1590.   

...'As we have said, they were Puritans; but they belong to that portion of the body known as the English Presbyterians, then were not so austere and unrelenting in their religious and political views as the Independents.  Among those who settled here about this time were:-'.......  
Included in the list are:  Phillipps, Whelpy and Good

In another statement of losses a John Woodroofe of the town of Bandon, parish of Ballinadre, maltster, had debts in bad standing.  Among the names was John Phillips.  This John Phillips was listed under the Protestants.  If this John Phillips was of our family then he would be at least two generations back of our known Phillips’s.  

There is a Colonel Phillips mentioned who may have been from another county.  I don’t readily see a connection to our Phillips.

After the Rebellion of 1641 depositions were taken as to losses incurred.  A deposition by Samuel Poole of Knochmanesle, parish of Ballymoodan  “…that he lost twenty pounds by John Woods, Robert Stowes and Jeremy Whelpy, Protestants, disabled by the rebellion.”   I do not know if this Jeremy Whelpy is ours at his time.

A great site for Cork information - where I got a lot of initial information - is at The Wolf/Woulfe Family Web Site by Kate Press of Australia, some of the items are Tithes, Defaulters Lists, Depositions and much much more - a must visit!!

.           http://www.alphalink.com.au/~datatree/wolf-his.htm        

Early Information:

Some information is that a Walter Phillips (Philips) of the Townland, Mossgrove; Parish of Templemartin; Barony of Kinalmeaky; co. Cork, married, c.1775,  a daughter of  John McCarthy Mor Welply and Elizabeth Minheer and this information may tie in our Charles Phillips who was the son of a Phillips-Welpley marriage.  Charles Phillips had a daughter Catherine who died in 1810 but no baptism was found in the parish records.  This means that she was probably born prior to 1805 as the Ballymoney parish records do not begin until 1805.  With this in mind and following typical naming conventions, of the time, it leaves us wondering if there was an earlier son named Walter who again may have died early.  Also, if the above is true, it tends to agree with the supposition that the first Phillips to arrived in Bandon, sometime prior to 1641, was John Phillips and the family moved slowly, westward, to Enniskeen.  If we conclude that Walter Philips was the father of Charles then we have about 7 generations to find in order to get back to John of Bandon.

See WELPLY and HAYES Ancestry

This puts the marriage of Charles and Eliza Hayes to c.1800.  It also makes Eliza a brother of Barter Hayes rather than a daughter as we first thought.  Barter Hayes married Elizabeth Welply daughter of John Welpy of Bengour and Sarah Hosford and their first recorded born was, Jane, baptized in the parish of Kinneigh, 1795.  All the dates and most of the names seem to fit.

(Generation # 09)  

First Phillips ((09)=generation number and are calculated from my generation, # 15)

    The original 'Tree' for the Phillipses has the origins being from a Phillips marring a Whelpy c.1770 who issued a son, Charles.  These families were found in two parishes of county Cork called Ballymoney and Kinneigh.  These parishes contain, among others, the villages of Enniskeen and Ballyneen.  From the Ballymoney parish records we find that Charles Phillips was buried at the age of 80 on 17 Mar., 1852.   Assuming that his age of death was correct - it is often wrong- we calculated that he was born c.1772.  Only on the assumption that Charles was the first issue of the Phillips/Whelpy marriage, then the Phillips/Whelpy marriage may have been c. 1770.  Using that information we might guess that our Phillips/Whelpy persons were born sometime around 1745.  Now all we have to do is to go back 150 years or so to make a relation to the aforementioned John Phillips of Bandon. 

The WHELPY (Whelpley, Welpley) family:  Information from a great email friend, Don Wood, who grew up in the town of Ballineen and from Kinneigh parish records, Griffith's Valuation of 1852 and Tithes I found that the Whelpy family had settled in the area of Rushfield, Kinneigh Parish, co. Cork.  A number of Whelpy's are mentioned in the Kinneigh parish records and the Griffiths Valuation.  The Kinneigh Tithes of 1832 show a William Welpley holding 38 and 13 acres of land and 5 acres of marsh and 1/2 acre of waste for a total of 561/2 acres.  This is a possible descendant of the Phillips/Whelpy Whelpys.  

Don Wood supplied the following information re Whelpy:  "The Welpley family have been in West Cork since the early 1600s. Jeremy Whelpley is mentioned as a land owner in the Bandon area in the 1659 census. A branch of them lived in Kinneigh from the 1700s until about 20 years ago(1980).  In the early 1800s they farmed at Rushfield, to the north east of the parish, moving to Clonomara, a mile north of Enniskeane in the mid 1800s. It was here that the genealogist William Welpley was born in 1866. The last of this line to live at Clonomara were a brother and sister, James and Martha, neither of whom married. They were my father’s first cousins.

Ballymoney and Kinneigh parishes surround the villages of Enniskeen1 and Ballineen.  These villages are located on the north side of the Bandon River, west of the town of Bandon; which, is west of Cork city. 

(Generation #10)

Charles Phillips & Eliza Hayes

The Ballymoney Parish records show that Charles Phillips was buried on 17 Mar., 1852 at age 80 and therefore born c. 1772.  Eliza Hayes was buried 23 Dec, 1859 at age. 75 and thus, probably born about 1784.  Charles and Eliza married circa 1803 and at the time of their first born were in Ballymoney Parish.  All their children were baptized in Ballymoney parish and the family was, most likely, living in the town of Ballineen.  Charles & Eliza had at least 6 issues.  The parish record shows a possible 7th child who was named the same as a later issue.  A Catherine Phillips, 'daughter of Charles Philips', was buried in 1810 and there was a Catherine who was baptized in 1816.  It is very possible that the first Catherine was born earlier and died young and that the second Catherine was named after her.  I have seen this done before.  Since the Ballymoney Parish records only start in 1805 it is very possible that the first Catherine was born prior to that year. 

The children of Charles and Eliza (Hayes) Phillips were:  William Hayes Phillips, 1805;  Thomas Phillips, 1808-1810;   Jane Phillips, 1810;  John Phillips, 1813;  Catherine Phillips, 1816  and  Barter Phillips, 1819.  William remained in the area, Jane & Catherine lived at Skibbereen, co. Cork, the life of John is unknown and since he is not mentioned in the “Letter of 1852” it is assumed that he died prior to 1852,  and Barter was the first to immigrate to Canada and he settled at Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Charles Phillips, Eliza Hayes Phillips, William Hayes Phillips, Ann Peyton Phillips, Thomas, Catherine(1), Catherine(2), and Jane Phillips are buried in St. Paul's Cemetery, Ballineen, Cork, Ireland and of these burials only William Hayes Phillips's grave has been found and stands as of Nov, 2002. 

Eliza Hayes Phillips is probably the daughter of Barter and Eliza Hayes of Ballymoney Parish.

The Griffith’s Valuation of 1851 shows Charles living in the village of Ballineen.  His occupation is unknown but he may have been a teacher as was his son, William.

   Ballymoney Parish Records      *       St. Paul's Cemetery Map & Pictures         *       Letter of 1852

The HAYES Not proven but highly likely is the few entries for Barter Hayes in the Kinneigh Parish records.  The name Barter and his wife Eliza makes a very attractive connection for my Eliza.  The Kinneigh Parish records start 1795 and one of the first entries shows on 15 Nov, 1795  a Jane Hayes,  daughter of Barter.  Next I find for 1797 a son of Barter and his wife Eliza named William.  A son of Charles and Eliza was named Barter.  All this information indicates that this is the Hayes family for Eliza.  Remember, Eliza is figured to be born 1784.  There may have been other children born between Eliza and Jane.

(Generation #11)

William Hayes Phillips & Ann Peyton      (Letter of 1852)

William Hayes Phillips was baptized in Ballymoney Parish at St. Paul's Church, Ballineen on 10 Mar, 1805.  Anne Peyton was born about 1810 possibly in Kinneigh Parish.  For some reason the Kinneigh Parish records have a gap between 1802 and 1813 - crucial years.  There are a number of Peyton baptisms in Kinneigh.  At this point I am guessing that William and Ann married in Kinneigh Parish about 1833.  From the Kinneigh Parish Baptismal records I find they had the following children:  William Peyton Phillips, baptized 22 Apr., 1835 and received by the Church in 1836 (not terribly sure why these two dates appear - it may be that Wm.  was baptized in another parish and then when William H. and Ann settled in Kinneigh they all joined a new church);  Eliza Phillips, baptized 5 Jun, 1836;  on 3 Jun, 1838 Anna Arabella Phillips is mentioned;  on 17 Jun, 1838  Anna Arabella Phillips and Eliza Phillips being received by the church;  Francis Richard Phillips was received on 30 Aug, 1840;  6 Nov, 1842;  6 Nov, 1842, Catherine Jane;  on 25 Jul,1847 Rebecca Harriett Phillips was received by the church and her age was 2 1/2 yrs;  and on this date Francis John Phillips was baptized;  on 30 May, 1850 Frances Susan Phillips was received and her birth is shown as 22 Apr, 1851;  8 ???, 1854 shows Charles Richard Phillips being baptized.  William Hayes was a school master at Enniskeen and after retiring he became the Assistant Registrar for the Union of Bandon and by 1882 he was the Registrar at the age of 77.
William appears to have lived in the village of Enniskean
and his school was about 400 yards north on the road leading from Enniskean to Castleland.

William Hayes Phillips's School
(just north of Enniskean on east side of R588)
photo courteous of Val Wood (Don Wood's brother)
Area map showing the villages of
Ballineen and Enniskean
and the school and the church for WH Phillips
William Hayes Phillips's Grave
Old Ballymoney Church (St. Paul's), Ballineen)
photo courteous of Tony Kent (Researcher)

         Kinneigh Parish Records            *        Griffiths Valuation           *          Letter of 1852

For the remaining children and descendants see the Phillips Dossier Pages

Map of Bandon, Cork IE 

 Summation of the Early Phillips:

As you have read the Phillips emigrated from Wales and settled in the Bandon area or Bandon-Bridge, as it was originally called (Bandon Bridge or Bandon Town) and then they are found in the Parishes of Ballymoney and Kinneigh at the towns of Ballineen & Enniskean, co. Cork.  Those of the family who immigrated to Canada probably left Ireland via Queenstown, now called Cobh, which is seaward of the city of Cork.  On the Ireland picture page there is the photo's of Queenstown (Cobh) past and present.

One might be interested in the recent book (2011) The Story of Old Ballymoney which tells of the burials and the people's lives


The first of the Phillips family to arrive in Canada was Barter Phillips.  He arrived prior to 1852 and settled at Kingston, Ontario.  He may have been known as Bartholomew Phillips.  The next to arrive was William Peyton Phillips who arrived at Kingston in 1852 via New York city.  Others that followed were Annie Arabell, Rebecca Harriet Phillips, Francis John Phillips and Charles Richard Phillips.

Barter Phillips remained at Kingston.
William Peyton Phillips achieved the rank of Lieutenant -Colonel in the Canadian Militia and married Elizabeth Doherty.
Francis John (Frank) Phillips arrived at Kingston prior to 1864 and then moved to Toronto in 1864.  He married Annie Bacon
Annie Arabella Phillips arrived in 1864 and married Abraham Malone, Captain of the S.S. Toronto
Rebecca Harriet Phillips married Samuel Anglin at Kingston.
Charles Richard Phillips arrived in 1878 and married, first, Martha E. Malone.  He lived at Montreal.

1.  Various spellings are:  Ballineen; Ballyneen;  Enniskeen;  Enniskean;  Ennikeane

nbThe Arms depicted are those that may have been used by Phillips - no claim is made that my Phillips family ever used such Arms

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Rev: 2004.06.02